Gold beneficiation flotation technology

Gold flotation beneficiation technique, the content of gold in the ore is very low, in order to extract gold ore crushing and grinding necessary and the use of pre-enrichment, or beneficiation method of separating gold from ore manipulation. The most used in gold beneficiation is re-election and flotation. The flotation method is the mineral processing method widely used in rock gold mines. The gold-gold mine adopts this method to select gold, and the mineral processing technology and equipment level have been greatly improved.

According to the survey, 80% of China's rock gold mines use flotation method to select gold, and the produced concentrates are sent to the non-ferrous smelters for treatment. Due to the increasing development of gold by cyanidation and the improvement of economic benefits and reduction of concentrate transportation losses, the product structure has undergone major changes in recent years, and more local treatment has been adopted (of course, due to the contradiction between pricing and smelting Such problems, forcing the mine to deal with it on its own, have led to a major development in the flotation process and occupy a considerable position in gold production. There are usually two processes of preferential flotation and mixed flotation. In recent years, there have been new progress in process modification and pharmaceutical addition systems, and the flotation recovery rate has also increased significantly. According to the survey of flotation process indicators in more than 40 gold selection plants across the country, the recovery rate of sulphide ore flotation is 90%, a few are as high as 95% to 97%; the recovery rate of oxidized ore is about 75%; 85%. In recent years, there have been many innovations and research results in the flotation process, and the results have been obvious. Stage grinding process, heavy-floating combined process, etc., is the main trend of China's flotation process development. For example, the Xiangxi Gold Mine adopts the heavy-floating combined process to select the stage grinding stage and obtain better indicators. The recovery rate is increased by more than 6%; Jiaojia Gold Mine, Wulong Gold Mine, Wenyu Gold Mine, Dongpu Gold Mine, etc. Get a certain effect. Another example is the Xincheng Gold Mine. The original process is direct flotation of the ore. Due to the high mud content (the ore itself is high in mud, and the filling strength of the tailings is not enough, the mud sand is brought in), the ore dressing index is continuously decreased. After the test, the sludge sand separation process was adopted, the recovery rate was increased from 93.05% to 95.01%, and the concentrate grade 135g/t was increased to 140g/t, which stabilized the production. Due to the decline of the grade of raw ore in Jinchangyu gold mine, the flotation index is reduced. The joint flotation process with Shenyang Gold College and other units has adopted the branch flotation process to improve the flotation index and concentrate grade. This scientific research result (in January 1988, the Gold Corporation passed the technical appraisal), which has gained new enlightenment for the flotation process. Of course, the flotation method is not omnipotent like other methods. It is impossible to be effective for all gold-bearing ores. It is mainly necessary to consider the nature of the ore. When selecting the process, it is necessary to conduct various demonstrations and tests.

Gold beneficiation flotation technology, in recent years, in order to improve the sorting effect, while the process is continuously improving, it has also made many improvements and researches on the drug addition system and mixed drug use, and there are also new in the automatic control of dosing. progress.

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